Downing Street confirmed today that Parliament will be prorogued from the close of business on Monday, September 9 until Monday October 14.

The news comes after the Queen agreed to Prime Minister, Boris Johnson’s request to suspend Parliament earlier this month. With MP’s only returning to Parliament a few days ago and the Brexit deadline just weeks after Parliament reopens, the move to prorogue parliament has been met with controversy, with many citing that Brexit was the reason for the Prime Minister to suspend Parliament.

The timing of a suspended parliament means this will give MP’s limited time to pass any new laws that could prevent the Prime Minister taking the UK out of the EU without a deal on October 31.

The Prime Minister’s official spokesman has also confirmed that Mr Johnson would not be requesting another extension of the Article 50 EU withdrawal process.

Mr Johnson has previously called it “completely untrue” to suggest Brexit was the reason for his decision to suspend Parliament, insisting he needs a Queen’s Speech to set out a “very exciting agenda” of domestic policy.

So What is Prorogation and what does a suspended Parliament mean?

Prorogation simply means the end of a current parliamentary session. Suspending parliament usually happens for a short time before a new session starts.

The Queen prorogues parliament on the advice of the Privy Council, and usually a statement will be read out in the House of Lords on her behalf.

However, bills may be carried over to the next session.

This process is different to dissolving parliament, which happens during a general election and requires MPs to give up their seats to campaign.

Prorogation is standard practice in the parliamentary calendar, and usually happens for a short time once a year in the spring before the formal start of a new parliamentary session.

Once parliament is suspended, MPs can only get back to work once the Queen’s Speech has been read out at the State Opening of Parliament, which sets out the government’s plans and policies for the upcoming session.

While parliamentary sessions tend to last one year, the current one has been running since the general election in June 2017 – the longest in history.

New governments will look to hold a Queen’s Speech after winning a general election, again to outline their plans ahead of the new session. Mr Johnson insists he has asked the Queen to bring about the end of the current session of Parliament so he can start anew.