After a prolonged vote count, Democrat Joe Biden has finally defeated President Donald Trump to become the 46th president of the United States. His victory came after he crossed 270 Electoral College votes with a win in Pennsylvania.

Brief profile

The 2020 US election was the third attempt by US Vice-President Joe Biden for the White House. However, in contrast to his earlier bid in 1987 and 2008, this time Bidden joined the race for the Democratic nomination as the de facto frontrunner, the best-known in the field.

Biden was a six-term senator from Delaware, and first elected in 1972. He suffered initial obstacles in the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary but took control of the competition with a series of victories on Tuesday when 14 states vote on the nomination.

Biden’s softer-key election campaign-style has juxtaposed with President Donald Trump’s bigger rallies as the Democrat has represented himself as more responsible for observing coronavirus measures.

Family

Bidden, 77, was born on November 20, 1942, in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He was raised in the in an Irish-Catholic family. Biden’s father was a car salesman, but when the Biden was 10-year-old, his family shifted to neighbouring Delaware after his home city suffered a tough time in the 1950s and his father lost his job.

Biden pursued his education from the University of Delaware and the Syracuse University law school and is proud of the fact that he is not a product of the privileged Ivy League.

In 1972, Biden’s young wife Nellia and one-year-old daughter were killed in a car accident as they had gone for Christmas shopping, and he was left alone to raise his two young sons, who were both injured in the accident.

As both boys recuperated from their wounds and Beau followed his father into politics, turn out to be attorney general of Delaware, but the Democratic rising star died of brain cancer in 2015 at age 46.

Biden met his second wife, Jill Jacobs in 1975, and they got married two years later. Jill was on the verge of divorcing her first husband when she met Biden, who was eight years senior to her.

The couple got married in 1977, and Jill became a mother to Hunter and Beau. The Bidens have a daughter name Ashley, who was born in 1981.

Wealth

Usually being known as “Middle-Class Joe”, but Biden is a millionaire. Since Biden left public    office, his income has risen thanks to profitable book deals and promotional tours. Biden and his wife earned more than $15 million, according to business records released in 2019.

That same year, Forbes reported that the Bidens’ wealth included “two Delaware residences priced at $4 million combined, cash and investments worth another $4 million or so and a federal pension worth more than $1 million”.

Biden’s first book, about his son Beau’s death from cancer, briefly topped bestseller listings in 2017. Biden and his wife have also worked on two other book assignments.

Biden earned US$540,000 as a professor and namesake of the University of Pennsylvania’s Penn Biden Centre for Diplomacy and Global Engagement. Jill Biden earned $700,000 in her speaking engagements.

Political life

Biden forayed into the national stage at just 29, with an unexpected US Senate win in Delaware in 1972.

Being one of the youngest senators, Biden spent more than three decades in the upper chamber before serving eight years as Obama’s deputy. Biden’s retail politicking abilities are peerless: he can flicker his million-watt smile at college pupils, show sympathy with unemployed rust belt machinists, or deliver a fiery admonishment of rivals.

That charming, gregarious proclivity was restricted by the coronavirus pandemic, which brought in-individual campaigning to a standstill in March and encouraged a more vigilant Biden on the track.

As a senator for more than 30 years, Biden was known to forge unlikely alliances – and, like Trump, he developed a lack of fidelity to script. He faced a calculation among Democrats, which includes Kamala Harris, who became his running mate for linking with known segregationists in the Senate and, in the middle of 1970s unification, for countering ‘busing’ policies targeted at transferring black children to largely white schools.

In 1987, Biden joined the race for the White House for the first time, lifted by his image as a flamboyant man in his 40s and beginning as a favourite among many in his party. However, he suffered a crushing defeat.

When he announced his bid in 2019, Biden said the Trump presidency has put at stake “everything that has made America, America” – its core values, democracy and the US standing in the world – and that he would fight for the “soul of this nation”.

What Biden’s win means for America and the world

Touring artists: Though Biden has not spean particularly about visa rules in his policies, but it is expected that immigration and visa will be more comprehensible. For Muslims, musical artists, who might have found it hard to obtain a visa under Trump rule, will not face many hurdles for visas. Interestingly, Biden has pledged to overturn Trump’s travel ban on nations that are mainly Muslim within his first 100 days in office.

Students: In America, universities can charge more money if you are not a resident of the state in which the school is set up. Even if you are, the school fees for four-year colleges can begin around the $10,000 (£7,756) mark per year. To give relief to the students, Biden has offered cutting $10k of student loan debt and freezing both payments and interest if you earn under $25,000 (£19.4k).

The NHS: For the UK, the Biden might be safer for the NHS than the substitute. His stance on balancing into the healthcare structure isn’t clear, but provided he is trying to move America to a position where healthcare is more accessible, it doesn’t appear like he would be driving for US businesses to be engaged in any privatisation.

US healthcare: Biden’s win won’t put paid to pay for healthcare in the US, but it won’t make things harsher at least. One of Biden’s policies is centered on providing all Americans the opportunity to buy into public insurance instead of a private corporation, which will keep prices low and allows them to choose between getting treatment and being able to pay your fees.

Coronavirus: This is the more grace issue. Biden endorses a recommended nationwide mask mandate, as well as a national contact tracing programme and free coronavirus testing across the country. He also seems keen to reopen impacted regions, which means that life might be slow to get back to some modicum of normal in the US, but not many lives will be lost in the long-term.

Racism and police brutality: Biden admits that there is a systemic racism crisis within US law administration. His policies intend to address racial differences, like decriminalising marijuana and removing criminal histories related to the drug or extending grants to states that lower their detention rates. He has also recommended ending the death sentence, getting rid of cash bail and reducing compulsory minimum sentences.

Brexit: In this segment, Biden may not be so great for the UK in its current state. Biden has been outspoken about his dispute with the UK leaving the EU in the past, saying he would have voted remain if he was a British citizen or MP. He has also indicated that a trade deal between the UK and US will be challenging to agree to if a border is restored between the Republic Of Ireland and Northern Ireland.